The concept of Customary Tenure (CT) is confined only to Indigenous People (IP), and there is a need to broaden the scope, because Khmer farmers are also practicing Customary Tenure. However, there is no recognition of their practices in the Land Law, only in the forestry law and protected areas law. The absence of legal provision and strong organizations advocating for their land tenure security, is putting the poor farmers in vulnerability.

At the third MRLG national stakeholder workshop hold in November 2016, partner organizations came together under the L&A “Effective recognition of Customary Tenure” willing to understand the customary tenure of Khmer farmers in the upland and low land. The objectives of the Documentation of farmer’s customary tenure are:

  • Improve the understanding through characterization or description of the Khmer upland and lowland farmers (land, forestry and fisheries)

- Inform concerned stakeholders and wider public on the importance of recognition of CT for Khmer farmers



Cluster I: Develop written documentation on CT of Khmer in upland areas


  1. Literature study on customary tenure for non-indigenous people in Cambodia (by MRLG)

  2. Brainstorming how CT of Khmer looks like in order to develop some hypotheses and field instruments, including presentation of the literature note from the consultant

  3. Review the questions/methodology before field investigation

  4. Investigation on the hypotheses – going to the field to two villages. Research team: using the Participatory Action Research (PAR) methodology.

  5. Debriefing and presentation of the field work to MRLG

  6. Capitalization (1 written documents for upland): develop the documentation – produce the output

  7. Review the quality of capitalization/documentation

  8. Develop statements or key messages

Cluster II: Produce one video case study on CT of Khmer in lowland areas

  1. Attend the brainstorming session with ADIC, CLEC, SK and MRLG team to explore general phenomenon regarding the CT of Khmer in the lowland arenas.

  2. Join the field investigation to collect information on CT.

  3. Develop video scenarios and scripts (voice in Khmer and sub-title in English) following the defined issues.

  4. Share the video scenarios and scripts with team (ADIC, CLEC, MRLG & SK) for feedback.

  5. Finalize the scenarios and scripts of the cases studies, and conduct shooting.

  6. Present a first draft of the case study with the team and MRLG.

  7. Finalize the video case and prepare for exchange workshop.   

This project is funded by MRLG – Mekong River Land Governance